ACEH (NANGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM)
Aceh is rich of events, attraction and unique cultures
that it will fascinate anyone. Aceh is also rich in natural beauty,
waves and sea garden, which is suitable for diving. Some of most
beautiful Aceh tourism and historical sites and beaches have been
damaged by the massive earthquake and Dec '04 Tsunami. The name
of Aceh Darussalam is come from Aceh language means the welfare
and peace Aceh country. Aceh is located in the Northwestern of Sumatra
Island with the area of approximately 57,365.57 km square or 12.26
% of size of Sumatra Island. It consists of 119 islands, 73 major
rivers and 2 lakes.
Aceh is surrounded by:
North side: Malacca Strait
East Side: North Sumatra Province
South and the west Side: Indian Ocean.
The capital of Aceh is Banda Aceh. The Special Province of Aceh
with its area of 57, 365.57 square kilometers covering 1.17 per
cent of Indonesia is situated at the northern tip of Sumatra Island,
between latitudes 2<N-6°N and longitudes 95°E-98°E.
In the central part of this province runs Bukit
Barisan Mountain ranges with Tangse, Gayo, and Alas uplands. Also,
there are several mountains found in the region such as Pasee Mountain
with its peak, Geureudong" (2,595 m), and Peut Sagoe (2,708
m), Gayo Mountain range with its peak Burni Telong (2,566 m), and
Ucap Malu Mountain range (3,187 m). Other mountains include: Alas
mountain with its peak Abong-abong (3,015 m) Leuser (3,466 m), Aceh"
Raya Mountain range with its peak Seulawah Agam, (1,762 m) and Seulawah
Inong Mountain (868 m).
The area also has several lakes such as Laut Tawar
Lake in Central Aceh with an area of 60 square kilometers and a
height of 1,225 meters above sea level, and also lake Aneuk Laot
in Sabang (Weh Island).
Besides the mountains and lakes, there are also several major and
lesser rivers, which run into both of Malacca Strait or into the
Indonesian Ocean. Among the rivers running into Malacca Straits
are: Krueng Aceh (Aceh River) in the Greater Aceh Regency, Krueng
Peusangan and Krueng Jambo Aye in North Aceh Regency, Krueng Baro
in Pidie Regency, and Krueng Peureulak and Krueng Tamiang in East
Aceh Regency; The rivers running to the Indonesian Qcean are Krueng
Teunom and Krueng Meureubo in West Aceh Regency, Krueng Kluet, Krueng
Simpang Kiri and Krueng Simpang Kanan in South Aceh Regency.
On the west and south coasts, there are both large
and small islands, some of which are inhabited and others, which
are uninhabited. These islands are Weh Island, Breuh Island, Nasi
Island, Simeulue Island and Tuangke Island (Banyak Island).
Weather & Climate
The dry season in Aceh usually lasts from March through August.
The rainy season starts in September to last until February. The
average annual rainfall ranges from 2,000 mm to 3,000 mm, with temperatures
ranging from 25 to 30° Celsius. In the highlands, the average
temperature is 200 Celsius. The amount of rainfall varies between
all parts of Aceh. The western and southern coasts have more rainfall
than the other parts. The weather along the coastal areas is usually
warm. In the mountains tend to be cooler. The humidity varies from
65 to 75 percent. The wind from the west begins in June through
November while the wind from the east begins in December through