Central Java Province, as one of the Indonesia
tourist destination areas, offers various kinds of tourist attractions
whether natural, cultural, or man made features. Central Java is
located exactly in the middle of Java Island. It borders with West
Java Province in the western part, while in the eastern part borders
with East Java Province. On the part of the southern side lies also
the province of Yogyakarta Special Region. Central Java is the island's
cultural, geographic, and historic heartland. Universities, dance
schools, pottery, handicrafts, textiles and carving, give to the
region a rich culture and interesting shopping. This is also the
place of the famous Javanese temples of Borobudur. But it is not
the only ones to be noted; Dieng plateau and Sukuh temple are worth
a visit. Performing arts is still widely practiced, and traditional
dance dramas (Wayang Orang) or shadow puppets (Wayang Kulit) performances
are easy to find. Mountains cross the entire central portion of
the province. The cool slopes contain numerous hill resorts (Tawangmangu,
The very first Moslem kingdom on the island was founded in 1511
at Demak, about 40 km from Semarang. Today Demak is a sleepy little
town, however, its glory of the past is still visible from one of
the major relics, which is still well preserved. The Grand Mosque,
a quaint blend of Hindu and Islamic architecture, still honored
and worshipped by Javanese pilgrims.
Surakarta, better known as Solo, is the cradle of Javanese culture
in the province. TV courts of Solo embody the noble value that the
Javanese attach to grace and refinement, with majestic ceremonies
and royal festivals still held with great pomp and circumstance.
Although no longer the seat of power it once was, descendants of
the royal houses of Solo are regarded as leaders of, Javanese culture
and traditions, upholding standards of sophistication and conduct.
The rich and fertile plains of the region support
an enormous population of over 30 million people. The low land plains
are found alongside the northern beaches. The high land plains are
found in the Center of Central Java with mountains stretching lengthwise
from the west to the east with a line of mountains, such as Mount
Slamet (3,428 m), Mount Perahu (2,585 m), Mount Sindoro (3,135 m)
Mount Sumbing (3,321 m), Mount Merapi (3,142 m), Mount Ungaran (2,050
m). Near the border with East Java Province is Mount Lawu (3,265
m), while on the northern side there is Mount Muria (1,602 m). At
the feet of these mountains will find pleasant and cool highland
plains with beautiful panoramas such as Baturaden, the Dieng Plateau,
Bandungan, Kopeng, Tawangmangu, Solo, etc. Apart from these mountains
there are some small mountains and lime mountains. The Biggest Rivers
found in the Central Java are Serayu River, with its source from
the Dieng Plateau and "Bengawan Solo" River.
Central Java is located between 5o 40' and 8o 30' South Latitude
and between 108o 30' and 111o 30' East Longitude. This province
is bordered by:
North side: Java Sea
South side: Indian Ocean and the Special Territory of Yogyakarta
West side: West Java Province
East side: East Java Province
The wide area of this province is 34,206 sq. km.
A governor as a high rank heads Central Java province; Central Java
consists of 35 regencies and municipalities. Bupati (Regent) and
municipalities head the regency by Walikota (Mayor). The regencies
and municipalities divided into district headed by Camat and district
divided into villages headed by Lurah or Kepala Desa.
The average temperature of this area is 21o - 32o C with rainy season
on October to April and dry season on April to October.
The Freedom of embrace religion is fully guaranteed by government.
Islam is a greatest number among the five recognized religions (Moslem,
Protestant, Catholic, Buddha and Hindu).
Java language with various dialects is the daily language used by
most of Central Java people but Bahasa Indonesia as mother tongue.
The people of Central Java will welcome all of the tourists with
hospitable and friendly. The population is about 30.7 million (based
on census in 2002) or about 896 persons per square kilometer with
living as farmer, trader, and official government. Besides original
tribe, some foreign tribes stay here such as Arabic, Chinese, Indian
and Pakistani. "Kebaya" is representing traditional clothes
wearied by woman.