Maluku (Moluccas), a region of Indonesia
formerly known as the Spice Islands, was once the source of cloves
and nutmeg, spices highly valued for their aroma, preservative ability,
and use in medicine before people learned how to cultivate the plants
in other parts of the world. Maluku is a cluster of about one thousand
islands totaling 74,504 square kilometers, forming part of the Malay
Archipelago in eastern Indonesia near New Guinea. The region is
divided into two provinces, Maluku with its capital in Ambon, and
North Maluku (2002 estimated population 913,000), with its capital
in Ternate; other important islands in the group include Halmahera,
Seram, and Buru.
Its approximately 1000 islands support
a population of less than 1.7 million people. The average population
density figure is 19 people per-square kilometer, but the distribution
is uneven. Air and sea transportation is the main means, which link
the islands together. The province has 32 seaports and 20 airports,
and only about 160 km of roads. However, good roads on many of the
islands provide easy access to the often-remote places of tourists'
Maluku lies in the transition zone between
Asiatic and Australian flora and fauna and has a tropical climate.
Maluku's flora includes meranti trees and many kinds of orchids;
distinctive fauna includes cuscuses, birds of paradise, wild goats,
and parrots. The economy is based on subsistence agriculture, especially
sago (the sago palm, producing a starch used in food), and on the
export of such products as spices, cacao, coffee, coconuts, fish,
and minerals. Important indigenous groups include the Ambonese.
A great variety of endemic plant and
animal species are found in the rugged forest-covered and mountainous
hinterlands of most of the islands. A few of the best known are
the Rucker-tailed kingfisher, the red-crested Moluccan cockatoo,
and various brilliantly colored lorikeets and parrots. Most of Maluku
sits astride one of the world's most volatile volcanic belts.
Maluku province with its capital Ambon, stay at 30 north latitudes
8,300 south latitudes and 1250 - 1350 east longitudes with the area
North side: North Maluku Province
South side: Timor Leste and Australia
West Side: Southeast Sulawesi and Central Sulawesi
East Side: Irian Jaya Province
THE WIDE AREA
The wide area of Maluku province is 712.479,69 km_, with the land
wide is 54.185km_ and sea wide is 658.294,69km_.
The Maluku Province plain is 85.728 km2 width or 8.572.800 Ha contain
of 3 part that is:
- Flat Land: 1.251.630 Ha width (14,6%)
- Wavy Land: 2.417.530 Ha width (28,2%)
- Hilly and Mountainous Land: 4.903.640 Ha width (57,2%)
Almost, Maluku has no upland. The mountain is a back that spread
in the middle of the island, forming the mountain with the highest
of 3.055 m.
Maluku province consists of mountains, islands that spread from
west to east and form north to south among 1150 km.
GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION AREA
Administratively, Maluku Province divided into four regencies and
one city that is:
1. Central Maluku regency with 15 districts, 296 villages and 6
2. Southeast Maluku regency with 8 districts, 229 villages and 6
3. West-Southeast Maluku regency with 5 districts, 187 villages
and 1 sub-district.
4. Buru regency with 3 districts, 62 villages.
5. Ambon city with 3 districts, 30 villages and 20 sub-districts.
Maluku has 2 seasons, that is: west season or north, and southeast
or east. West season in Maluku is come from December until March,
while April is transition season to southeast season. Southeast
season is average 6 months begin from May and end on October. The
transition to West season is on November.
The homogenate seasons are give different affect to the land and
its sea in this region. The temperature is about 26,2 C (in Southeast
Maluku especially in rainy).