Karimun is one of the most important islands in
Riau Archipelago, due to its thriving economy and proximity to Singapore.
Tanjung Balai Karimun is a medium-sized town, with a large Chinese
community and shops selling a large variety of imported items. The
town is linked by both sea and air. Terkulai and Soreh are resort
islands nearby which are popular with holidaymakers.
Karimun regency in the beginning was a small town with the name
of Tanjung Balai Karimun and with its status as a sub district town
with the area of only 275 sq km. Tanjung Balai Karimun, from the
scope of history, cannot be separated from its main regency that
is Riau islands. Based on the decree of delegation of the Republic
of Indonesia, the province of central Sumatra on may 18, 1956 joined
the republic of Indonesia, and Riau island were given the status
as level II autonomy region which is led by a regent as head of
the region who supervised 4 (four) districts, that are:
- Tanjung Pinang District, which covered
sub district of South Bintan (incoming East Bintan, Galang, West
Tanjung Pinang and East Tanjung Pinang now).
- Karimun District which covered sub district
of Karimun, Kundur and Moro.
- Lingga District which covered sub district
of Lingga, Singkep and Senayang.
- Tujuh Island District which covered sub
district of Jemaja, Siantan, Midai, Serasan, Tambelan, West Bunguran
and East Bunguran.
Karimun district, later were abolished based on
the decree of governor, head of the level I region of Riau dated
August 9, 1964 no. Up/247/5/1965. Based on such stipulation, as
of January 1, 1966, all administrative territory of the district
in the Riau Islands regency was abolished. It is written the history
that in glory of Riau Lingga kingdom when it took over the famous
Johor kingdom, most parts of Riau islands territory were in the
authority of kingdom of Riau Lingga. It is mentioned that the glorious
time of Riau can be depicted by the incoming flow of international
commerce since there were so many foreign traders lived in Bandar
Riau. Furthermore, it was explained also about the prosperity of
this Riau territory, especially at the time his young majesty King
Ali held the power. Riau had experienced rapid development. Such
historical meanings had implicated the economic situation in this
Along with the spirit of regional autonomy, then
on October 12 law no. 53, 1999 was stipulated which stated that
Karimun regency together with kundur and moro regency were merged
to one regency with the name of Karimun regency, with position at
the same level with other regencies in Indonesia.