South Kalimantan is full of colourful and distinctive traditional
arts and cultures which can be seen in its people's ways of life,
art, dance, music, ancestral dress, games and ceremonies. Exquisite
traditional and commercial handicrafts are all made from local
raw materials which include a variety of precious and semiprecious
stones, gold, silver, brass, iron and a wide variety of wood including
bamboo and rattan. South Kalimantan, is one of the largest wood
producers in Indonesia. Extensive forests with a wide variety
of trees such as iron wood, meranti, pinus and rubber have helped
to make the province a unique and rich natural resource.
The southern section of the province, however,
is much flatter and is characterized by large and powerful rivers,
meandering through lowlands and depositing enormous of silt, at
vast mangrove swamps all along the coast helping to make South
Kalimantan an exceptionally fertile land. Many villages and settlements
hove been built along these rivers, particularly the Barito river,
by the indigenous majority, the Banjar.
The Meratus mountains stride through the center
of the province, effectively dividing South Kalimantan into two
distinct regions. the eastern part of the province is mountainous
and lush with dense tropical rain forests and is home to the "Orang
Gunung" or Mountain People. Collectively called Dayak, they
form the minority of the region's population.