the Republic of Indonesia has it proclamation, South Sulawesi is
include of a number of independent kingdoms and dwelt by four etnic,
that is: Bugis, Makassar, Mandar and Torajans. There three big empires
that have big influence, those are Luwu, Gowa, and Bone, which at
XVI century and XVII century reach their glorious, and has trade
relation with Europeans, India, China, Malay, and Arab.
After the independence, there is the
constitution number 21 in 1950, which stated that South Sulawesi
become an autonomous Sulawesi Province. In 1960 become an autonomous
South Sulawesi and Southeast based on the constitution number 13
in 1960. The separation of South Sulawesi from the autonomous area
of South Sulawesi and Southeast was declared by the constitution
number 13 in 1964, so that it become the South Sulawesi Autonomous
area of South Sulawesi.
Ujung Pandang is the main city on Sulawesi,
originally known as Makassar. The court of the kings of Gowa was
nearby. The people here are called Makassarese. The Bugis people
are famous as sailors, and founded trade empires of their own. The
most famous Bugis leaders were kings of Bone, which is called Watampone
today. Bugis settlements have scattered as far as Kalimantan and
Riau. The kings of Gowa and Bone did much to spread Islam through
the area. The island of Butung or Buton did not submit to the Dutch
until 1908. The Toraja people are the original inhabitants of the
central part of Sulawesi. They are known for their unusual customs;
today most are Christians. The Toraja also resisted the Dutch until
the first decade of the 20th Century.
THE SYMBOL MEANING
The arms were adopted in 1972. The arms consist of seven parts with
each senses described as below:
- Five pointed star and its reflection: as a light to create
the symbol for The One Supreme God.
- The circle of "unhealed rice and cottons". It consists
of 17 unhooked rice-ears, 8 cottons with 4 toots on calyxes
and 5 toots on cotton, which describes the 17th of August 1945
as proclamation day of Indonesia's independence.
- The vision of fort of Somba Opu from the air. The fort symbolizes
the heroism of the South Sulawesi people. There are three halls
of the fort and each load of:
• A Phinisi boat symbolizing the spirit of seaman tenacity,
full-militancy and capable to popularize the aim of the 17th
of August 1945 struggle. The boat is directing western appropriated
the capital of Indonesia.
• The hoe symbolizes the agrarian community as basis and
machine tooth symbolizes industries as principal supports.
• The coconut symbolizes the natural wealth of South Sulawesi.
- An unsheathed small dagger between rice and cotton with pattern
inherent five curves, which symbolizes spirit of heroism and
alert in protecting the nation. The five curves are sacred numerals
of each principle in philosophy of Pancasila
- Mountain, village, and pieces of rice-field for fertility,
strive for justice and welfare community. The 23 pieces of rice-field
is appropriate total of regencies in South Sulawesi as one of
the rice-barns in Indonesia
- The motto in Lontara local characters means "Toddo'puli",
which means firm in conviction.
- A ribbon inscribes Sulawesi Selatan "South Sulawesi as
a province of Indonesia. The ribbon is in silk designed, which
describes special characteristic and precious of culture since
long time ago.