South Sumatra Province is situated on the eastern
side of Bukit Barisan mountain range South Sumatra province is relatively
flat, nevertheless fertile, as numerous rivers crisscross and meander
through out the region. Palembang is its capital city and as the
gateway to the province, lies right on the banks of the great Musi
River, 60 km upstream and navigable by oceangoing vessels. No wonder
that most major social and economic activities should center in
Palembang and Musi River where the region's pride, Ampera Bridge,
is found as well.
Because of its sheer location on the southernmost
rim of the South China Sea and close to one of world's busiest sea-lanes
linking the Far East with Europe, the region's historical background
is undoubtedly rich and colorful. Once the very site of the Buddhist
Kingdom of Sriwijaya, it practiced a bustling trade with then ancient
China during its era dynasties. Inevitable of course, were the interacting
forces of the two different cultures at the time, which nowadays
are still noticeable as consequences of the past.
The visitors can easily reach South Sumatra by air through four
major airports at Palembang, Pangkal Pinang, Bangka and Belitung
islands, all having direct connections with Medan, Batam, Padang,
Jakarta, and not long from now with Singapore too. Air-conditioned
buses from points North and West of Palembang are regularly available,
as well as from cities on Java and Bali.
Geographically, South Sumatra province is located between 1o and
4o South Latitude and between 102o and 108o East Longitude. The
boundaries of the area is:
North side: South China Sea
West side: Jambi Province and Bengkulu Province
South side: Lampung Province
East side: Java Sea
South Sumatra Province is divided among 8 regencies, 2
municipals and 3 administrative towns with Palempang as its capital
The humidity of south Sumatra province is 78%. The rainfall
range is variation between 2,000 - 3,000 mm per year and an average
wind velocity of 3.23 km per hour. And the temperature ranges between
21.8o C and 32.2o C.
A migration flow to this province is supported by the existence
of heavy plantation exertion, mining and transmigration program.
The population density of this province is 58,8 people per Km2 (1994).
Compared to the average national population growth amounted to 2.144%
per year, this province was on the lower level with 1.10% per year.
The area of south Sumatra province is 103,688 sq. km width.