bridge that spread above Musi River is becomes the main characteristic
of Palembang city. It was built on 1962 - 1965. Ampera Bridge has
78m high of tower. However, the special feature of this bridge that
it can be opened and closed, the mechanism is no longer working,
whereas is fact, it is the only bridge in Indonesia with the open-and-closed
mechanism. Now it is only history. The bridge has to be lifted up
of the middle shares each time there every king sized ship, with
height above nine meters, will pass by quickly. Both for going to
downstream and also which going to the upstream.
Started in 1970, the Legendaries Bridge does not
make a move to fluctuate again. The moving bridge build, besides
to connected Ulu and Ilir that separated by Musi River, also to
anticipate if there is big ship, which sail in the river. Each time,
when the bridge body make a move to go up or go down always interesting
to look up, and caught up to king sized ships pass under the bridge,
make amazing moment for the citizen who have see it from the river
boundary, or from other ship. The construction build started in
April 1962, after getting approval of President of Soekarno. An
expense of its development is taken away from fund of Japan.
In initially, bridge as long as 1.177 meters widely
this 22 meters, named 'Bung Karno's Bridge'. A historian of Djohan
Hanafiah, the name mentioned as appreciation to The President of
Republic Indonesia. Bung Karno had fight seriously for desire of
Palembang citizen, to have a bridge above Musi River. 1965 is an
opening usage of bridge ceremony, at the same time, Bung Karno name
as a name of the bridge. However, after turbulence of politics happened
in 1966, when there was a movement of anti-Soekarno very strong,
name of that bridge even also turned into Ampera Bridge. At this
time, the name of Ampera Bridge had not changed yet. There are some
citizens in Palembang wish its name return to Bung Karno's Bridge.
According to Djohan, the commutation request of name of Ampera Bridge
become Bung Karno as a streamlining effort of middle story.
The parts of Ampera Bridge, when it has been woke
up, as long as 71,90 meters, widely 22 meters. Part of bridge heavy
entirety 944 that ton can be lifted with speed about 10 meters per
minute. Two jacking tower of the bridge upstanding as high as 63
meters. Apart between these two tower is 75 meters. This two Tower
provided with two pendulum of about 500-ton weight. Then the bridge
lifted up, wide ship of the size 60 meters and highly maximum 44,50
meters, can pass to ford of Musi River. And when middle shares of
this bridge did not lifted, maximum high of ships, which can pass
under the bridge only 9 meters of water level of river.
Since 1970, the bridge shall no longer fluctuate
again. Time used to lift this bridge that is about 30 minute, assumed
to bother traffic current between defecting Ulu and Ilir, two Town
of Palembang area dissociated by Musi River. The river is only connecting
by Ampera Bridge. But Arsyad anticipate, the reason of Ampera Bridge
do not fluctuate again because of there is no big ship which can
sail in Musi River. The river become worse superficiality that cannot
navigate by king sized ship.
Ampera Bridge has been renovated in 1981, by finishing
fund about Rp 850 million. Renovating conducted after emerging care
of threat damage of the bridge can make it fall down. Today, expanding
discourse about the important thing to development of Musi III Bridge
and Musi IV Bridge as another way to connective Ulu and Ilir, at
the same time the development meant to develop Ulu area.