Sembilang National Park
In the eastern part of the region there is a 45.000
square hectares Sembilang Wildlife Reserve. Sembilang National Park
was setup in 2003 in southeastern Sumatra. Over 350,000 hectares
of peat swamp, freshwater swamp and mangroves, the park is host
to a few critically endangered Sumatran tigers. Sembilang is such
a paradise for various kinds of protected birds like lesser adjutant
stork, milky stork, spot billed pelican, wild duck, eagle, hornbill,
etc. There are also two kinds of Sumatra crocodile, i.e. crocodilus
porosus and tomistoma slegeli. In Sembilang river there also lives
irrawadi dolphins and humpback dolphins.
Sembilang National Park with a total area of approx.
206 ha, is also one of the largest mangrove forests in the Indo-Malayan
region and one of the widest mangrove zones in the world, in some
areas extending inland up to 35 km. The mangroves provide feeding,
nesting and roosting areas for many globally threatened species
of wildlife, and are one of the most important stopover sites for
migratory waders in the East Area Flyway (up to one million birds).
The shallow mangrove zone in the area is highly productive, and
more than 8.000 fishermen and their families find full time employment
in the coastal fisheries.