Geographically, West Java Province is situated between 5 50'-7 50'
South parallels and 104 48'-104 48 East meridians.
West Java Province is bordered of:
North side: Java Sea and Jakarta
West side: Banten Province and Hindia Ocean
South side: Hindia Ocean
East side: Central Java Province.
This strategic geographical condition is an advantage for West Java
particularly in communication and transportation. Northern region
is plain area, while southern part is a hilly area with beaches,
and the middle region is mountainous area. But after the establishment
of Banten Province, the size of West Java becomes 35,746.26 kilometer
West Java has a characteristic as part of a volcanic belt, which
spans from Sumatra Island to the northern part of Sulawesi Island.
Its land can be divided into a region with steep mountains with
altitude of more than 1,500 meter above the sea level in the South,
moderate hill with elevation of 100 to 1,500 meters, and plain region
in the north with elevation between 0 and 10 meters and river region.
West Java has tropical climate with temperature reaching 9 degrees
Celsius at the Peak of Mount Pangrango and 34 degrees Celsius in
north beach. The average rainfall is at 2,000 millimeters per year,
but in the mountainous areas the rainfall could reach 3,000 to 5,000
millimeters per year.
Based on the national census in 1999, West Java population after
the separation of Banten stood at 34,555,622 people. In 2000, based
on another census, the population grew to 35,500,611 people with
population density of 1,022 inhabitants per square kilometer. The
population growth between 1990 and 2000 reached 2.17 %. In 2003,
the population has increased to 38,059,540 people with population
density of 1,064 inhabitants per square kilometer.