West Sumatra is one of the most beautiful areas of Indonesia. It
is mountainous and divided by three valleys. There are lovely lakes
and spectacular volcanoes. But Minangkabau land is very special
and has the most friendly population group of Indonesia. They love
to talk with visitors and will tell us about their unique society.
If a visitor tries to understand the culture and Minang traditions
he will soon feel himself a member of the clan. He will be invited
as a guest to their homes - a unique way to become acquainted with
real Indonesian life. Most of our hosts and hostesses are English
teachers so language will not be much of a problem. They will show
us the community and explain their customs.
The land of the Minangkabau, West Sumatra has a
distinct culture, which distinguishes it from the rest of the island.
A land of scenic beauty with blue green lakes and mountains, West
Sumatra's Centre of culture and tourism is Bukittinggi in the highlands,
north of the provincial capital of Padang. Most prominent in the
landscape is the horn-shaped roofs of the houses nestled in the
coconut groves. The name Minangkabau means triumphant buffalo. It
leads a community and family life based on a matrilineal system,
which clusters around mosques and the traditional houses. As it
is the women who have the properties, the men are known for their
wanderlust and entrepreneurship. Traveling is considered a mark
of success and therefore many of them are found "merantau"
(emigrated) to other parts of the country. This is proof that many
Minang or Padang restaurants, serve very spicy food, found in all
major towns in the nation. The people are hospitable and eloquent
in a poetic style of speech and ceremonies. Festivals are colorful
West Sumatra has a coastline where the capital
is situated. The hinterland is a range of high mountains, which
dip into picturesque valleys and lakes. Amongst them are the remnants
of the old Minangkabau kingdom of Pagaruyung, (the art centers for
silver, hand-weaving, embroidery and woodcarving).
West Sumatra province has about 49,778 sq km width, which is located
between 0o 54' North Latitude and 3o 30' South Latitude and between
98o 36' and 101o 53'. The boundaries of this regency is:
North Side: Riau Province
South Side: Indian Ocean
West Side: North Sumatra Province
East Side: Jambi and Bengkulu Province
West Sumatra Province has 42,297.30-km2 areas. The West Sumatran
coastline faces the Indian Ocean and stretches 375 km from North
Sumatra province in the northwest to Bengkulu in the southeast.
West Sumatra lakes include: Maninjau (99.5 km2), Singkarak (130.1
km2), Diatas (31.5 km2), Dibawah (14.0 km2), Talang (5.0 km2). West
Sumatra rivers include: Kuranji, Anai, Ombilin, Suliki, Arau. The
mountains & volcanoes of West Sumatra are included: Marapi (2,891
m), Sago (2,271 m), Singgalang (2,877 m), Talakmau (2,912 m), Talang
(2,572 m), Tandikat (2,438 m).
The temperature of West Sumatra province has ranges between 22o
C and 32o C, and the rainfall is 2,289 mm per year.
West Sumatra Province is divided among 8 regencies and 6 municipals
with Padang as its capital city.
The people of this province have a strong tradition leaving their
hometown to make their way of life. Indeed, West Sumatra communities
(Minang) are easily found in each province of Indonesia. In 1994,
the total population reached 4,265,900 people with its density amounted
to 101 people per Km2. In the 1990-1994 period, the people grew
at a rate 1.6% per year or in the lower level that of the population
national growth amounted to 2.144% per year.